This is surah number 7 in the Qur’an. Al-Arraf means the mountain/cliff or like a fence or barrier that will be established temporarily between paradise and hellfire after the Judgment. This is mentioned in verse 46-47 of this surah. After the barrier is gone paradise and hellfire will be separated permanently.
This surah is revealed in the last year of the Meccan period. It was preparing the Muslims for the migration to Medina. This surah consists of nine major topics:
Every Surah has a subject- This word A’rraf is referring to having knowledge. The A’rraf mentioned in the Qur’an is a cliff, or barrier between paradise and hellfire, it is called Al-A’rraf because the people through this thing know about the other place in detail because there are people on the heights/cliff/barrier reporting to the people in paradise and in hellfire. They will know each place by the qualities and appearance. Every person has See-mah which is our qualities and characteristics, the people will know the See-mah of paradise and hellfire by the reports given from the heights/cliff/barrier. It is like a media center, it is temporary and it will inform the people in both places of whatever is going on in them. A’rraf is used to define the place, the people and the role of these people.
Allah (SWT) said-After finishing creating Adam (AS) Allah (SWT) told the angels to prostrate to Adam (AS), all of them did except Iblees (who was not an angel) Allah (SWT) asked why did you not prostrate when I gave you an order, Iblees said I am better than him I was created from fire, and he was created from clay.
Iblees here is proving he is not an angel, the angels are created from light, Iblees clearly states that he is created from fire, therefore he is not a angel he is made from a different substance. He also is not a human being since human beings are created from clay. Iblees is a Jinn; the Jinn were created from fire.
This surah has dealt with the subject of our fight and flight against Iblees. We have to understand his personality and characteristics and his methods and tactics, if we understand these two things we can avoid or deal with him. We have to know our enemy to not fall victim to him.
The theme is knowledge; or having comprehensive knowledge in order to make correct decisions. Having comprehensive knowledge lets us make correct decisions, making decisions without knowledge or with partial knowledge leads to wrong decisions.
The story of Adam (AS) and Iblees is important for us so that we can understand the entity that Allah (SWT) has created to challenge us in this test we are in.
Surat-Al- A’rraf 10-25-09
Surat-Al- A’rraf 11-1-09
Some etiquettes of eating: Muhammad (S) said A believer eats 1/7 the amount of a non-believer. We eat because we need to survive, but we also eat for enjoyment, for example when we eat something delicious we can’t stop and we over-eat, sometimes we go and eat because someone tells us about some good food or a good restaurant we go try it, even when we don’t need to, we also are attracted to eat when we smell something good, the same is true by us seeing food, we eat what looks good. We also eat from touching food and how it feels. These are seven reasons we eat, but the only Islamic legitimate reason to eat is due to need.
This new section of the Surah is about the hereafter
V. 38-40- These verses are presenting the behavior, that is not for Muslims, or people who are not sincere. Whenever a group of people take charge of anything, the first thing they do is curse; or degrade the previous people that were in charge. They do this to show how much they will improve things, but when their turn is over and new people take over for them, they do the same thing. In Islam we should highlight all of the good things the people did before and then in a constructive manner we can point out the shortcomings and explain and find an excuse why they couldn’t do it, and how we can achieve success. We also assume the people before us were sincere and did their best. This is the way people who take over leadership should do things in Islam.